|Congresses - 2007 Cape Town|
A Pre-Congress Workshop : Sunday, August 12
XVIIth International Congress
A Pre-Congress Workshop
Moving Journeys – Embodied Encounters
Psyche is as much a living body as body is a living psyche.
Interweaving theoretical, experiential, clinical, communal and cultural material, this one-day workshop will focus on the living body in analysis from a Jungian perspective. The event will be led by IAAP colleagues from different parts of the world. Co-leaders are among those working to develop dance/movement as a form of active imagination: Antonella Adorisio (CIPA), Joan Chodorow (SJANC), Carolyn Grant Fay (Honorary Member), Jacqueline Gerson (Individual Member), Margarita Mendez (SVAJ), and Tina Stromsted (Candidate/SJANC). We will begin with welcome, introductions and orientation to the day. Morning and afternoon sessions include lecture and video, followed by movement experience and discussion:
Morning Session: 9-12
Bodily Sensing as Emotional Communication (paper)
Mysterium -- Body/Mind Coniunctio in Analytical Psychology: Witnesses (video)
Introduction to Authentic Movement (experiential)
Lunch Break: 12-13.30
Afternoon Session: 13.30-17.30
At the Threshold:
A Country in Conflict:
The Mover, the Witness, and their Relationship (experiential)
Sunday August 12
900 Rand, lunch is included.
We will use the inner-directed movement process as a way to bridge the realms of conscious and unconscious experience. Sometimes called “authentic movement,” this form of active imagination turns attention to the ongoing stream of bodily sensations, images and feelings that are then allowed to develop into spontaneous movement. The work is done with one’s eyes closed in the presence of a witness, whose task it is to hold and contain the experience of the person moving. Participants are invited to wear comfortable clothing and to bring a notebook and/or drawing materials to record their images and experiences.
Priority will be given to full congress participants.
Space is limited, so register early!
Further Details on Program:
Mysterium -- Body/Mind -- Coniunctio in Analytical Psychology: Witnesses
The idea of this 20-minute video was encouraged and discussed in a research group at C.I.P.A., Rome, led by Robert Mercurio, on the theme “Body/Mind Coniunctio in Analytical Psychology – The Contribution of Jungian Psychology to Spirituality." In this video, I bring together images of nature and spirit – including animals I filmed in Africa – and I interview a few colleagues. I asked each of them: “what is spirituality for you and what do you feel is your best way to live it?” Each was filmed in the place he or she chose and each expressed in their own way how they perceive and live the connection between spirit and matter. I also included a testimony from myself in my home: a brief experience of my own active imagination in movement and a short dance.
Antonella Adorisio is a Jungian Analyst in Rome (CIPA). Her early roots in dance and historical research led her to become a Dance-Movement Therapist, Art Psychotherapist, Registered Psychologist, Psychotherapist, and credentialed supervisor for APID (the Italian Association for Dance Therapy), with Diplomas from Art Therapy Italiana and the University of London. As a teacher of Authentic Movement, she studied with Janet Adler and Joan Chodorow. She is co-editor of DanzaMovimentoTerapia: Modelli e pratiche nell’esperienza italiana (2004) and the author of numerous papers on active imagination and authentic movement published in Italy, UK and USA.
The Mover, the Witness, and their Relationship
The mover-witness relationship offers a way to explore the ongoing flow of nonverbal experience, expression and communication underlying analytic conversation. Analysts use the connection between body and psyche as a central clinical tool, yet there may be few opportunities to further develop this dimension. This workshop offers a structure within which analysts can both have a practical experience of their own moving imagination as well as enrich their understanding of its application in analytic practice.
Joan Chodorow is a Jungian analyst in San Francisco (SJANC), with deep roots in dance and dance therapy. Her interest in both early development and active imagination led her to study the emotions and their forms of expression and transformation. Publications include Dance Therapy and Depth Psychology, Jung on Active Imagination, and a new, soon to be published book for the Fay Series in Analytical Psychology entitled Active Imagination: Healing from Within.
At the Threshold: A Journey to the Sacred through the Integration of the Psychology of C. G. Jung and the Expressive Arts (video)
My main role in working with people is to be a witness, which means I’m there with them. I really join with them. I participate in their experience with them. And then through talking with me afterwards, they may be able to reflect on and understand more clearly what their experience means for them. This is not to say I interpret the movement for them. I can’t do that. I simply ask questions and offer small observations. … And wait.
This 60-minute video includes some of my work with individuals and a group, using the expressive arts.
Carolyn Grant Fay is a pioneering dance therapist and an Honorary Member of IAAP. As co-founder and founding president of the C. G. Jung Educational Center of Houston, she has long been grounded in Jung’s understanding of the nature of the psyche and his analytical method of psychotherapy. She was among the first to link the fledgling field of dance therapy to Jungian thought and practice.
Bodily Sensing as Emotional Communication
The senses serve a number of functions in emotional communication, they help us receive the feeling of others but they also can serve to protect us against emotions from others, which could confuse or overwhelm us. The senses of the body can be compared to walls surrounding a city that permit commerce with the outer world while maintaining the privacy, integrity and safety of one’s own psychic economy. In the ideal condition the senses make emotional communication more resilient, emphatic and connected in a way that furthers the needs of the Self.
Jacqueline Gerson is a Jungian analyst with a private practice in Mexico City, where she works as an analyst, teacher and supervisor. She is an individual member of the IAAP and has previously been published in The San Francisco Jung Institute Library Journal, with Daimon Verlag, Brunner-Routledge, Spring Journal, as well as the Mexican Magazine “Epoca”.
A Country in conflict:
I will share experiences developing movement workshops in Venezuela, working with leaders of small communities representing upper, middle and low-income levels of the population. Participants try to express in dance and psychodrama the historical complexes our country is suffering. We suggest that the contribution Analytical Psychology can make is to reach outside the consulting room and into the street.
Workshop participants make a conscious effort to recognize their negative attitude towards people they perceive as politically different. From awareness of polarization, interest and acceptance may become available as they approach the “other,” recollecting and taking back shadow projections, opening the way toward psychotherapeutic reflection.
Margarita Méndez, a Jungian analyst in Caracas, is a member of the Sociedad Venezolana de Analistas Junguianos and the IAAP. Her analytic practice includes the therapeutic use of movement, integrating her experience in Contemporary Dance. She participated in IAAP Cambridge 2001 with her choreography “Thieves of Fire” and in IAAP Barcelona 2004 with the workshop on Body Symbolism “From the Bones”. Most recently she has developed a series of movement workshops about “Tolerance and conflict management” from a Jungian perspective. She is an assistant editor of the Revista Venezolana de Psicología de los Arquetipos (annual magazine of the SVAJ); publications in Spanish and English include her study of the psychic body in analysis.
Introduction to Authentic Movement (experiential)
Authentic Movement is a subtle yet powerful therapeutic practice that allows individuals to explore the relationship between the creative, psychological and sacred dimensions of their experience through bodily expression. Developing kinesthetic awareness, interpersonal skills, empathy and a sense of embodied presence are often natural outgrowths of the practice. The sensing world is awakened, perceptions clarified, and feelings affirmed - restoring a sense of authority to one’s own bodily knowing. The approach supports individuals in connecting to a deeper life force that can bring an enhanced sense of meaning to daily experience. Group work explores the dynamics of belonging and enhances awareness of one’s unique place and contributions to the wider human community and the natural world.
Tina Stromsted is an advanced candidate at the C. G. Jung Institute of San Francisco, in private practice. With more than thirty years of clinical experience as a Jungian oriented psychotherapist and dance therapist, Dr. Stromsted leads workshops in the U.S. and internationally, integrating body-oriented, Jungian and creative arts therapy approaches to healing and transformation. She was a co-founder and faculty member of the Authentic Movement Institute (1993-2004). Current faculty affiliations include the Somatic Psychology Doctoral Program at the Santa Barbara Graduate Institute and the Marion Woodman Foundation. Her numerous articles and book chapters explore the integration of body, psyche and soul in clinical work.
C. G. Jung, Tina Keller, and Mary Whitehouse
"Inasmuch as the living body contains the secret of life, it is an intelligence. It is also a plurality which is gathered up in one mind, for the body is extended in space, and the here and the there are two things; what is in your toes is not in your fingers, and what is in your fingers is not in your ears, or stomach or your knees or anywhere else in your body. Each part is always something in itself. The different forms and localizations are all represented in your mind as more or less different facts, so there is a plurality. What you think with your head doesn't necessarily coincide with what you feel in your heart, and what your belly thinks is not what your mind thinks. The extension in space, therefore, creates a pluralistic quality in the mind. That is probably the reason consciousness is possible" (Jung 1934-1939, p. 360).
“The symbols of the self arise in the depths of the body” (Jung 1940, p. 173, par. 291).
“The difficulty that movements cannot be easily remembered must be met by concentrating on the movements afterwards and practicing them so that they shall not escape the memory” (Jung 1916/1957, p. 18).
“You can draw a mandala, you can build a mandala, or you can dance a mandala” (Jung 1928-1930, p. 120).
“Anyone with a motor imagination could make a very beautiful dance out of that motif” (Jung 1928-1930, p. 474).
“When I was in analysis with Miss Toni Wolff, I often had the feeling that something in me deep inside wanted to express itself, but I also knew that this 'something' had no words. As we were looking for another means of expression, I suddenly had the idea: 'I could dance it.' Miss Wolff encouraged me to try. The body sensation I felt was oppression, the image came that I was inside a stone and had to release myself from it to emerge as a separate, self-standing individual. The movements that grew out of the body sensations had the goal of my liberation from the stone just as the image had. It took a good deal of the hour. After a painful effort I stood there, liberated. This very freeing event was much more potent than the hours in which we only talked. This was a 'psychodrama' of an inner happening or that which Jung had named 'active imagination.' Only here it was the body that took the active part” (Tina Keller, on analytic hour in Zurich, circa 1924/1972).
“The core of the movement experience is the sensation of moving and being moved. There are many implications in putting it like this. Ideally, both are present in the same instant, and it may literally be an instant. It is a moment of total awareness, the coming together of what I am doing and what is happening to me. It cannot be anticipated, explained, specifically worked for, nor repeated exactly” (Mary Whitehouse 1954-1979 (1958), p. 43).
“We are not accustomed to the idea that the conscious experience of physical movement produces changes in the psyche” (Mary Whitehouse 1954-1979 (1963), p. 52.
“Where does movement come from? It originates in … a specific inner impulse having the quality of sensation. This impulse leads outward into space so that movement becomes visible as physical action. Following the inner sensation, allowing the impulse to take the form of physical action is active imagination in movement, just as following the visual image is active imagination in phantasy. It is here the most dramatic psycho-physical connections are made available to consciousness” (Mary Whitehouse 1954-1979 (1963), p. 52).
“The experience always carries an element of surprise – it is unexpected and seems to happen quite of itself. …. Once the channel is open, experiences present themselves in the manner of dreams – vivid, ephemeral, full of affect” (Mary Whitehouse 1954-1979 (1963), p. 54.
“'I move,' is the clear knowledge that I, personally, am moving. … The opposite of this is the sudden and astonishing moment when 'I am moved.' … It is a moment when the ego gives up control, stops choosing, stops exerting demands, allowing the self to take over moving the physical body as it will. It is a moment of unpremeditated surrender that cannot be explained, repeated exactly, sought for or tried out” (Mary Whitehouse 1954-1979 (1979), p. 82).
Jung. 1934-1939. Nietzsche’s Zarathustra, Notes of the seminar given in 1934-1939, edited by James Jarrett, Volume I. Princeton: Princeton University Press,1999.
Jung. 1940. “The Psychology of the Child Archetype.” Collected Works 9.1, 2nd ed. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1969.
Jung. 1916. The Transcendent Function, translated by A. R. Pope. Zurich: Privately printed for the Student’s Association, C. G. Jung Institute, 1957.
Jung. 1928-1930. Dream Analysis: Notes of the Seminar, edited by W. McGuire. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984.
Keller, Tina. circa 1924/1972. Wege inneren Wachstums: Aus Meinen Erinnerungen an C. G. Jung. Erlenbach and Bad Homburg, Germany: Bircher-Benner Verlag, 1972. Narrative [above] translated by Renate Oppikofer, quoted in Introduction to Jung on Active Imagination by Joan Chodorow. London: Routledge, 1999, p. 16
Whitehouse, Mary. 1954-1979. “Mary Whitehouse Papers.” In Authentic Movement: Essays by Mary Starks Whitehouse, Janet Adler and Joan Chodorow, edited by Patrizia Pallaro. London: Jessica Kingsley, 1999, 2nd impression, 2000, pp. 13-101.